Early Endometrial Cancer Detection Is Critical, Paul MacKoul, MD
The most common uterine cancer, endometrial cancer can be treated very successfully if caught early. In 2014, 52,000 new cases were reported, according to the National Cancer Institute. Early detection and treatment by an advanced fellowship-trained minimally invasive GYN surgeon is essential for the best recovery. Treatment for endometrial cancer has a very high success rate when the cancer is caught early.
Women with a high risk of endometrial cancer, especially with a family history of cancer, should be aware of all of the risk factors.
Risk factors include:
- Changes in the balance in female hormones
- Diet and exercise
- High blood pressure
- Diabetes mellitus
- Previous diagnosis of breast or ovarian cancer
- Family history of endometrial cancer
- Medical treatments (including taking tamoxifen for breast cancer, or radiation treatment to the pelvis for other cancer treatment)
ENDOMETRIAL CANCER TREATMENT Options & Recovery Depend on Cancer Stage
Surgery is performed to fully evaluate the stage of endometrial cancer. Because hysterectomy is the typical treatment, staging is usually completed during a hysterectomy. The stage of the cancer describes the extent to which it has spread beyond the endometrium, if any.
- Stage I: Cancer is within the body of the uterus only.
- Stage II: Cancer within the body of the uterus and the cervix.
- Stage III: Cancer extends outside of the uterus, but is confined to the pelvis.
- Stage IV: Cancer involves the bladder or bowel or distant sites.
- Recurrent: Cancer has returned after initial treatment.
Women who are diagnosed early with stage 1 have a 95 percent survival rate.
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